In this excercise you will start out by extracting sequence and intron/exon annotation
from a set of Yeast genes using the
The FeatureExtract server has a lot of advanced functionality, which is not used in this exercise. Especially the
ability to extract flanking regions and extracting dataset according to a specific feature (e.g. "promoter") is worth
mentioning. Please refer to the "abstract" and "instructions" pages linked from the main FeatureExtract webpage for
Create a new blank query
Go back to the "Query" page in OligoWiz and press the button named "New" (located below the query table).
Notice that "old" queries, including data files loaded from disk, also appears in the query table.
Selecting "old" query makes it possible to inspect the parameters and to use the "clone query"
Select the data file you have created a moment ago as the input file.
OligoWiz will auto detect if the file is in FASTA (sequence only) or TAB (sequence + annotation) format.
Select S. cerevisiae as the species database to use
Set parameters for designing short probes
Load the pre-defined parameter set for short probes ("short-mers 24-26 bp").
Please notice that we actually need to use random-priming for the position score, since
we're working with mitochondrial sequences.
Submit the query, and wait for the result to download
Use the "www..." button in query table to inspect the online status of the query.
If you supply OligoWiz with your email address, you'll receive an email containing a link
to a similar webpage once the query is completed.
Notice: Using the "www..." button is a good way to inspect error messages.
Inspect the result
Click on the completed query to load the data, and notice how the trascript indicating bar has changed color.
When working with annotation exons are show in green and introns in blue by default. (The color scheme can be changed
through the File -> Annotation Color Scheme... menu point).
The number of transcripts are fairly small. Scroll through the transcripts until you find one named "BI2".
This is one of the shorter genes and it contains contains one intron.
Having selected an intron containing transcript, bring up the probe placement dialog.
If you have previously (for some reason) deselected the "Only consider regions annotated as exons" option
please turn it on it once again.
Set the distance criteria to allow for up to 25 probes per transcript and press "Apply".
This will place probes ONLY within the currently selected transcript.
Notice how - by default - probes are on place fully within exons.
More detials about working with annotation
TIP: Go to the OligoWiz help page by pressing "help ..." in the probe placement dialog.
This will open up the help webpage at the relevant position. The help page contains
additional information about the use of the probe placement dialog.
The steps in the probe placement algorithm is as follows:
For each sequence:
- If any filters have been defined, mask out probe positions that do
not fulfill the criteria.
- Place a probe at the position with the highest Total score.
- Mask out surroundings positions, as defined by the minimum probe distance setting.
- If the maximum number of probes per sequence has not been reached, go to step 2.
The letters used to annotate introns and exons are as follows:
(: Start of exon
): End of exon
D: Donor site (start of intron)
A: Acceptor site (end of intron)
Example: Targeting probes at intronic regions
Deselect the "Only consider regions annotated af exons" option
Enter the following string in the Region include field:
This regular expression means "one or more of the letter I". Remember that
I means "intron".
Press "Apply to all"
Notice how only intron-containing sequences will be assigned probes.
Notice that it is possible to sort the contents of the two tables ("Entries" and "Oligo(s) for the selected entry")
by clicking at the headers of the tables. This way it is possible to sort the entry list according to the number
of probes placed in each transcript.
Targeting other specific regions
Try to design probes targeting other special regions. Also try to adjust the minimum allowed
distance between the probes to pack them tighter (e.g. 5bp).
Please refer to the OligoWiz help page for a further description of regular expressions.
The helppage also contains a number of examples of the use of regular expression in OligoWiz.
A note on the difference between "Regional" and "Oligo" searches. Using "Oligo include" is the
most basic way to define a filter: each oligo MUST satisfy the condition in order to be allowed.
For example you can just write a single letter the oligo must contain, and otherwise ignore all the
regular expression stuff. Regional searches are a bit more complicated, in the way that you must define
an entire region that is included (or excluded). This is why we needed I+ above and
not only I.
The reason for having these two kind of filters, is that they can be used to specify different
type of include/exclude statments. For example try to run a search with I in "Oligo include" as the only filter.
Notice how probes are placed in introns - but ALSO in positions were the annotation string also contains
other letters. You can click on an individual probe in the main window to inspect it (otherwise use the oligo(s).. table).