Nature 1996 May 9;381(6578):169-172
A DEAD-box RNA helicase in the Escherichia coli RNA degradosome.
Py B, Higgins CF, Krisch HM, Carpousis AJNuffield Department of Clinical Biochemisstry and Imperial Cancer Research Fund Laboratories, Institute of Molecular Medicine, UK.
The Escherichia coli RNA degradosome is a multi-enzyme complex that contains the exoribonuclease polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase) and the endoribonuclease RNase E. Both enzymes are important in RNA processing and messenger RNA degradation. Here we report that enolase and RhlB are two other major components of the degradosome. Enolase is a glycolytic enzyme with an unknown role in RNA metabolism. RhlB is a member of the DEAD-box family of ATP-dependent RNA helicases, which are found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. We show that the degradosome has an ATP-dependent activity that aids the degradation of structured RNA by PNPase. Incubation of the degradosome with affinity-purified antibody against RhlB inhibited the ATP-stimulated RNA degradation. These results suggest that RhlB acts by unwinding RNA structures that impede the processive activity of PNPase. RhlB is thus an important enzyme in mRNA turnover.
PMID: 8610017, UI: 96202365
|Mol Microbiol 1997 Oct;26(2):387-398
Polyphosphate kinase is a component of the Escherichia coli RNA degradosome.
Blum E, Py B, Carpousis AJ, Higgins CFNuffield Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, University of Oxford, UK.
The Escherichia coli degradosome is a multienzyme complex with four major protein components: the endoribonuclease RNase E, the exoribonuclease PNPase, the RNA helicase RhlB and enolase. The first three of these proteins are known to have important functions in mRNA processing and degradation. In this work, we identify an additional component of the degradosome, polyphosphate kinase (PPK), which catalyses the reversible polymerization of the gamma-phosphate of ATP into polyphosphate (poly(P)). An E. coli strain deleted for the ppk gene showed increased stability of the ompA mRNA. Purified His-tagged PPK was shown to bind RNA, and RNA binding was prevented by hydrolysable ATP. Chemical modification of RNA by PPK, for example the addition or removal of 3' or 5' terminal phosphates, could not be detected. However, polyphosphate was found to inhibit RNA degradation by the degradosome in vitro. This inhibition was overcome by the addition of ADP, required for the degradation of polyphosphate and for the regeneration of ATP by PPK in the degradosome. Thus, PPK in the degradosome appears to maintain an appropriate microenvironment, removing inhibitory polyphosphate and NDPs and regenerating ATP.
PMID: 9383162, UI: 98043510
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